The Concept Of “Aim Versus Effect” Is Prominent In Both The Areas Of The Constitutional Guarantee Of Equality And The Constitutional Guarantee:

The concept of `Aim versus Effect` holds significance in both constitutional guarantees of equality and the freedom to practice religion. Despite the legitimate aims of legislation, its real-world effects may diverge. Take, for instance, the Religious Discrimination Bill 2022 in Australia, which sought to enhance protections against religious discrimination across various domains.

However, concerns were raised about the bill potentially elevating religious beliefs above protections against discrimination based on race, age, gender, or sexual orientation. This prompts an exploration of how Irish courts have addressed the `Aim versus Effect` dilemma within the context of constitutional guarantees related to equality and religious freedom.