How does adopting both insider and outsider perspectives inform your understanding of the social impact of this cultural expression?

Choose a subculture you identify with and select a cultural element or experience that expresses something unique about that group. How might an insider experience this cultural expression? How might an outsider experience this cultural expression? How does adopting both insider and outsider perspectives inform your understanding of the social impact of this cultural expression?


Subcultures are intricate and diverse social groups that exist within larger societies, often characterized by their distinct beliefs, values, practices, and expressions. Each subculture contributes to the tapestry of society in its own unique way, offering insights into the multifaceted nature of human culture. In this essay, we will delve into the concept of subcultures and their cultural expressions, exploring how insiders and outsiders experience these expressions and how adopting both perspectives can enrich our understanding of their social impact. To illustrate this, we will focus on the subculture of urban graffiti artists and their distinctive form of artistic expression.

I. Subcultures and Cultural Expressions

Urban Graffiti Artists as a Subculture

Urban graffiti artists represent a subculture that has emerged over the years as a response to the urban environment. This subculture is a dynamic group of individuals who have harnessed the urban landscape as their canvas, using it to communicate their innermost thoughts, emotions, and concerns. Graffiti, the primary medium employed by these artists, stands as a striking form of street art characterized by vibrant colors, intricate designs, and social commentary (Macdonald, 2017).

These artists boldly take to the streets to make their voices heard, often addressing critical societal issues such as inequality, injustice, and environmental concerns through their art. With every stroke of the spray can or paintbrush, they assert their identities and challenge the norms that define the urban environment. This unique form of cultural expression not only adorns the streets but also serves as a means of storytelling, forging connections with the community and leaving a lasting imprint on the urban landscape.

II. Insider Perspective: Experiencing Graffiti Art from Within

Insiders within the urban graffiti artist subculture have a deep and personal connection to graffiti as a cultural expression. They experience it in several ways:

A. Artistic Expression and Identity

For graffiti artists, their work is a form of self-expression and identity assertion. The act of creating art in public spaces allows them to convey their thoughts, emotions, and political messages (Chalfant & Prigoff, 2018). Graffiti serves as their canvas for communicating their innermost beliefs and values, providing a unique platform where they can visually represent their individuality and creativity. Each stroke of paint becomes a testament to their personal journey and a reflection of their place within the subculture.

B. Community and Camaraderie

Insiders often form tight-knit communities of like-minded individuals who share their passion for graffiti. These communities provide more than just artistic companionship; they offer vital support, mentorship, and a profound sense of belonging (Macdonald, 2017). In these close-knit circles, graffiti artists find not only fellow creators but also a surrogate family who understand the challenges and triumphs of their subcultural journey. The bonds forged within these communities are as enduring as the artwork itself, contributing to the richness of the subculture’s social fabric.

C. Risk and Rebellion

Graffiti art often involves a degree of risk, as it is frequently considered illegal. Insiders experience the thrill of pushing boundaries and rebelling against societal norms through their art (Chalfant & Prigoff, 2018). This risk-taking aspect of graffiti is not merely a consequence but an integral part of the subculture’s ethos. Insiders willingly challenge authority and convention, viewing the subversion of public spaces as a form of social commentary and political expression. The act of creating graffiti is an act of defiance and an assertion of their right to be heard in a world where their voices might otherwise go unnoticed.

III. Outsider Perspective: Experiencing Graffiti Art from Without

Outsiders, individuals who are not part of the urban graffiti artist subculture, perceive graffiti art differently:

A. Vandalism and Defacement

Many outsiders view graffiti art as vandalism and defacement of public and private property. They may see it as a nuisance that detracts from the aesthetics of their surroundings (Thornton, 2018). This perspective often stems from concerns about property damage and the unauthorized use of public spaces.

B. Misunderstanding and Stereotyping

Graffiti artists may be misunderstood by outsiders, who often stereotype them as troublemakers or criminals without recognizing the artistic and social dimensions of their work (Macdonald, 2017). This stereotype can lead to misjudgments about the intentions and motivations of graffiti artists.

C. Art Appreciation

Some outsiders appreciate graffiti art purely for its artistic value, separating it from the illegal aspect. They may view it as a form of creative expression that adds vibrancy to urban landscapes (Chalfant & Prigoff, 2018). This perspective acknowledges the artistic merit of graffiti while distancing it from concerns related to legality.

IV. Dual Perspective: Enriching our Understanding

By adopting both insider and outsider perspectives on urban graffiti art, we can gain a deeper understanding of its social impact:

A. Nuanced Perspective

Acknowledging the insider’s viewpoint allows us to appreciate graffiti art as more than just an act of rebellion—it becomes a powerful form of cultural expression and identity assertion. When we view it through the eyes of those within the subculture, we see the intricate layers of symbolism and emotion embedded in each piece. For insiders, graffiti transcends mere vandalism; it becomes a medium through which they communicate their thoughts, emotions, and political messages, often addressing issues that are deeply meaningful to them. Simultaneously, understanding the outsider’s viewpoint helps us recognize the complexities surrounding its legality and public perception (Volo & Volo, 2020).

B. Social Change and Advocacy

Graffiti art can serve as a catalyst for meaningful social change when insiders and outsiders collaborate on projects that address shared concerns, such as social injustice or environmental issues (Rose, 2019). When insiders and outsiders join forces, they harness the power of urban art to create awareness, stimulate dialogue, and inspire action. This collaborative approach allows graffiti to evolve from a mere act of personal expression into a force for advocating positive change within communities. By considering both the perspectives of those immersed in the subculture and those observing from the outside, we can unlock the full potential of graffiti as a tool for social progress.


In conclusion, subcultures like urban graffiti artists offer unique cultural expressions that shape the social fabric of our society. Insiders experience these expressions as deeply personal forms of artistic identity and rebellion, while outsiders often see them as vandalism or artistic contributions. By adopting both perspectives, we can navigate the multifaceted social impact of these cultural expressions, leading to a more nuanced and empathetic understanding of subcultures and their contributions to our diverse world.